Microbiology is the study of microorganisms and it includes many different sub-disciplines such as virology, bacteriology, parasitology and mycology. It is important that piercers know basic microbiology so they know how to perform piercings without causing infections and other problems to their clients. Microbiology has a name that comes from Greek: “micros” means “small” and “bios” means “life”. Microbiology studies unicellular, multicellular and acellular microorganisms. It is particularly important for microbiology to study microorganisms that can be harmful for humans, such as bacteria and viruses. This is important in order to protect human health and to seek cure for bacterial and viral infections.

All piercers who want to perform piercings in safe and professional manner need to know at least some basics of microbiology. While a piercer doesn’t have to be an expert, it is important to understand how bacteria and viruses can get into the body. Piercers should also know how to prevent these microorganisms from getting inside of the body, particularly during the piercing procedure. Keep in mind that making a piercing basically means creating a hole in the skin. This opens opportunities for various microorganisms to get inside of the body. It is crucial that the piercer knows all the important steps on how to prevent this from happening. This mainly includes proper preparation of the piercing surface of the skin, sterilization of instruments and proper disinfecting of the skin. There are also additional things piercers need to do to prevent microorganisms from entering the body during the piercing procedure and other procedures that are done in a piercing studio.